PHSE at the Federation
How do we teach PSHE at Trumpington Federation?
We use the Cambridgeshire Primary Personal Development Programme to ensure coverage and children’s entitlement. The intended learning outcomes are underpinned by topic headings ‘Myself and My Relationships’, ‘Citizenship’, ‘Healthy and Safer Lifestyles’ and ‘Economic Wellbeing’. We have implemented the long term plan ‘B’. In this plan, Years 1, 3 and 5 are delivering the same themes, and Years 2, 4 and 6 are also working on parallel themes. The entire programme is covered over two years. Although children will be receiving different teaching, the plan is grouped mainly into strands, or similar themes, and therefore assemblies could still be coordinated to fit with broad teaching areas. Within this plan, Drug Education and RSE is taught to every year group each year.
In addition to the above, teachers may plan PSHE lessons by making relevant links to topics - where possible, whilst considering the needs of the class.
This unit is taught once a year and delivered to every year group from Reception to Y6.
Following County guidance, teachers initially assess children’s knowledge by carrying out the relative age-appropriate ‘Dogs and Rugs’ script assessment. After the assessment has been carried out, teachers send a generic letter (adapted for each year group) to parents to inform them about the unit. Parents cannot request to withdraw their child as this is statutory and links with Science/ medicines and Keeping Safe. In Reception, this unit is called ‘Keeping Safe’ and includes a section on Drug Education – see the Drug Education overviews for EYFS – Y6 on Google Drive.
Relationships and Sex Education (RSE)
This unit is taught once a year and delivered to every year group from Reception to Y6.
Following County guidance, teachers initially assess children’s knowledge by carrying out the relative age-appropriate ‘naming of body parts’ scripted assessment. After the assessment has been carried out, teachers send a generic letter (adapted for each year group), to parents to inform them about the teaching unit. Parents cannot request to withdraw their child from the Science aspects of RSE (i.e. naming of body parts and conception), but can withdraw their child from all other RSE lessons (i.e. safety, social, emotional and health and making healthy choices).
Drug Education – coverage/ overviews for each year group
Drug Education for EYFS: In this unit children will explore what feeling safe means. They will have the opportunity to make a Safety Circle where they will identify the people who can help them, including people in different contexts in their lives. They will develop skills to enable them to access help and support as well as learning how to help others. They will experience activities designed to explore different kinds of touches, both good and bad, and the names of intimate body parts and understand that if they are touched in any of these areas, they must tell someone on their Safety Circle. The unit also covers different types of secrets; saying no and who to tell if they have a worry. They will learn to identify potential risks to their safety and will develop an understanding of how they can take some responsibility for their own safety in different contexts, including examining the need for safety rules in order to keep themselves and others safe.
Drug Education for KS1: The focus of this unit is safety around medicines and household substances. It focuses on the positive uses of medicines and important roles that carers and health professionals have in helping us to use medicines safely. It considers alternatives to medicine use and touches on emotional as well as physical well-being. This unit also aims to broaden children’s understanding of risky situations, so that they are better able to keep themselves, and possibly others, safe.
- Drug Education for Lower Key Stage 2: Children will broaden their knowledge of different drug types and how they enter the bloodstream. They will develop their understanding of medicine use and the roles of health professionals and others who handle these drugs at work. They will further develop their awareness and understanding of safety rules relating to medicines and extend these to consider ways of keeping safe with a broader range of items, including syringes. They will reflect upon realistic sources of support from trusted adults and consider how to tell and ask for help. They will focus on two legal recreational drugs – nicotine and alcohol – considering the effects, why some people choose to use them and skills for reducing risk and harm. They will consider the impact of influence and persuasion and practise skills to help manage these.
Drug Education for Upper Key Stage 2:
This unit revisits and develops children’s understanding of medicines, alcohol and nicotine and their effects on the brain and body. It also explores pupils’ awareness of solvents, illegal drugs, people who choose to use drugs and laws relating to drug sale and possession. Throughout the unit teachers are advised to focus on drugs with which the majority of children are familiar. Children will consider a wide range of drug-related situations which might pose different degrees of risk for them. They will consider ways to avoid and reduce harm in those situations.
Relationships and Sex Education – coverage/ overviews for each year group
RSE overview for Early Years: This unit is designed to support children in learning how to value and appreciate their own and other people’s bodies. Children will learn to recognise and name external parts of the body including using scientific names for the external sexual parts of the body. They will learn to recognize and appreciate similarities and differences between bodies, including those between girls and boys. The children will learn to appreciate the variety of things that they can do with their bodies, how they have changed physically since they were very young and how they will continue to grow and change all their lives. This unit looks at personal hygiene and supports children in developing appropriate responsibility for it. They will continue to develop basic hygiene routines, including toileting and washing, and will also learn about the importance of good hygiene and cleanliness for preventing the spread of disease. This unit is designed to encourage children to analyse their own role in developing positive, responsible and caring attitudes. They will learn that, as they grow, they will become more independent and will take more responsibility for looking after themselves and things around them. The children will examine what they currently do to look after themselves, including dressing and undressing. They will learn to recognise areas where they still need support from others to ensure their personal needs are met and to be aware of the adults who provide this care.
RSE overview for Y1: In this unit children will develop familiarity with the names of the main
External parts of the body and become more confident in describing them. They will consider the amazing nature of their bodies, with a view to developing respect for their bodies and themselves. Children will also consider simple hygiene practices and their levels of responsibility for carrying these out. The main themes of this unit are ‘body knowledge/ body functions’, ‘body awareness/image’, ‘personal hygiene’ and ‘prevention of illness and disease’.
RSE overview for Y2: Children will consolidate their understanding of how babies develop into children and then into adults and their own physical development. They will think about their responsibilities and how these have changed. They will then consider what babies and young children need to stay healthy and safe. The themes covered in this unit are ‘the human life cycle’, growing up’, personal responsibilities’ and ‘parents, carers and families’.
RSE overview for Y3: This unit is intended for use with children in year 3 or 4. This unit of work focuses on basic anatomy, including naming external body parts and the physical differences between males and females. Children will consider the capabilities of their bodies, in order to develop respect for their bodies and themselves. They will also develop their understanding of personal hygiene and learn more about how to prevent the spread of illnesses. The main themes of this unit are: ‘body knowledge’, ‘body functions’, ‘body awareness/image’, ‘personal hygiene’ and ‘prevention of illness and disease’.
RSE overview for Y4: This unit is intended for use with children in Year 3 or 4. Children will consider the human life cycle in more detail. They will consider what they think it means to be ‘grown up’. They will then look at their responsibilities and the responsibilities parents and carers have for babies and children. The themes covered in this unit are ‘the human lifecycle’, growing up’, ‘personal responsibilities’ and ‘parents, carers and families’.
RSE overview for Y5: This unit of work is intended for use with children in Years 5 and 6. It focuses on basic anatomy, including the physical differences between female and male bodies. It examines the changes that happen to people’s bodies at various stages in their lives, especially at puberty. The children will learn about the benefits of carrying out regular hygiene routines, including how good hygiene is important for preventing the spread of viruses and bacteria. They will examine their own personal hygiene practices and consider new personal hygiene routines relevant to puberty. They will examine the ways in which they will have new responsibilities for their personal hygiene in the future. The main themes of this unit are ‘body knowledge’, ‘body functions’, ‘body awareness/image’, ‘personal hygiene’ and ‘prevention of illness and disease’. When delivering this unit it is essential to remember that the DFEE Sex and Relationship Education Guidance 2000 states that ‘All children, including those who develop earlier than the average, need to know about puberty before they experience the onset of physical change’, so this unit will usually be delivered to Year 5 with a review in Year 6. Teachers may have to make alternative sensitive arrangements for children younger than Y5.
RSE overview for Y6: The unit is intended for use with children in Years 5 and 6. It begins with a focus on sexual intercourse and the human lifecycle. The children will examine how puberty brings about changing feelings and emotions with friends and family and consider ways to manage emotions so that they are able to express their feelings and concerns positively. They will explore the meaning of love and consider their responsibilities to care for themselves and others. They will consider the need for trust and love relationships. In this context, there is the opportunity to discuss responsible parenting choices and the use of contraception. The themes covered in this unit are ‘the human lifecycle’, growing up’, personal responsibilities’ and ‘parents, carers and families’.